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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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424                                         INDIGENOUS TBEES.

a middle-sized tree which presents a very handsome appearance with.
its large dull-red and yellow flowers, which open in February and March.
The tree appears to be very rare and little known and I cannot trace it in any
botanical work. There is one on the Shergarh and Kosi road, another at
Barsana, and others near Dotana. I tried to rear it in my own garden, but
the young trees died after I left. The name is obviously derived from the
colour (MI) of the flowers, but natives take the word to be lariyari, ' quarrel-
some,* and have a prejudice against it accordingly.

j for Sanskrit madkuka, with allusion to the sweetness of its flowers j
Bassza latifolia j scarce in the district.
, Mimusops elengi, an evergreen tree with sweet-scented starshaped
flowers, which are used for garlands ; whence the name, from mala, a
* garland* and sara, a ' string.*
, for Sanskrit nimba, Melia Indica, the tree which thrives better in the
district than any other.
CHAMBELI, otherwise called Bilayati Bakayan ; Millingtonia hortensis;
a handsome, fast-growing tree with fragrant white flowers.
$AUSiTH, Erythrina Indica, the Indian coral-tree. Its flowers, of a dazzling
bright scarlet, make a fine show in March, before the new leaves appear.
The name would seem to be a corruption of nava sapta, 16 ; with reference
to the 16 modes of enhancing personal beauty ; as if they had all been
exercised upon this beautiful tree.
P^PEI, Ulmus integrifolia ; a large tree, bare of leaves in the cold weather.
P^BAS-PrpAB, a name which probably means cthe Persian pipaU    A tree
found only at two places in this district, the Dhru-tila at Mathura and the
ELhelan-baa at Mahi-ban.   The flower closely resembles that of the cotton
plant.   There are avenues of it in some of the streets of Bombay.
PASENBU, Diospyxos cordifolia ; a small tree with dense foliage, but considered
an Tmlucky tree to take shade under ; very common in the raXhyas.   It has
an uneatable froit of unpleasant smell and bitter taste.
PlLU, with the same name in Sanskrit ; Salvadora oleoides ; forms large woods
in the Ghhati  and Kosi  parganas.   A stunted misshapen-looking tree,
generally with cracked or hollow trunk and exposed roots.    It bears an eat-
able fruit.
PiLtfeHAN.   Ficus cordifolia 5 a large tree rarely found in the district.    It may
be seen at Konai and in the Kokila-ban.   It is common in the neigbourhood
of Hari-dwar.